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Types of Bohemian glass

The main types of Bohemia Crystal glass are colored, transparent and molded.

For example, dishes can be pink (with the addition of manganese), green (using iron for coloring), and red (from the addition of copper). In addition, Bohemia products can be either matte glass or glossy or even artificially aged.

By the type of processing, glass can be: painted, engraved and polished.

Often Bohemian glass products are decorated with silver, gilding or gold, platinum, precious and semi-precious stones. Aleks-Crystal.com — bohemia cut crystal E-shop: https://aleks-crystal.com/.

Manufacturing technology

The modern production of Bohemian glass is not kept secret, as in the old days, so everyone can discover the secrets of its production. The first stage of production is the melting of the raw material and the blowing of the product. then the workpiece is placed in a wooden, slightly moistened mold. In the third stage, grinding and cutting is performed.

To get quality things, you need to observe the time frame during which the material can be processed. Usually, when working, the wizard uses a previously prepared sketch. At the stage of decoration, a relief is made on the products and gilding or paint is applied. Finished products are polished and released into production.

All products are tested for quality standards and, at the slightest flaws, are sent for processing. Glass items are made using stamping technology and by hand. The latter are especially valuable.

Bohemian crystal history

Even today, in the age of scientific and technological progress, Bohemian crystal is considered a luxury and an indicator of the special taste of the owner. But why is this brand so prized? The times when craftsmen were forbidden to tell even their relatives any facts related to production are over. Today, many factories in Bohemia conduct excursions for tourists, and we will try to understand how the legendary crystal and glass are made.

The first stage of production is the melting of the raw material and the blowing of the product. Next, the resulting workpiece is placed in a wet wooden mold. The third stage — one of the most exciting — is grinding and cutting on glass. It is important to understand all the subtleties of the work: the time during which the material can be processed is too short. Usually, when working, the wizard uses a previously prepared sketch.

The next stage is the creation of reliefs and the application of gilding. And last but not least, the finished product is polished. Bohemian crystal is prized not only for its beauty, but also for its quality. All products are tested and, in the presence of the slightest defect, are sent not to stores, but for processing. It should be noted that today glass and crystal in Bohemia are made by hand and on special automated lines in stamping technology.
What is the difference between Czech crystal and Czech glass?

Glass is made from molten sand, its main component is silicon dioxide. Crystal is the same glass, in the manufacture of which an increased volume of lead was added to the mass. In Bohemian glass, its content does not exceed 5%, and in Czech crystal, lead contains from 10 to 24%.

Thanks to this technology, the world has received an artificially created crystal, which is in no way inferior to natural in terms of external data and physical properties. Czech glass with a high lead content has a unique refractive power that is inaccessible to ordinary glass. Light, falling on a crystal piece, plays with all the colors of the rainbow, repeatedly reflected in fine edges.